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The Republic Institute for Sports

History

History of the Institute

The Institute was founded in 1956 by a special decree of the Federal Executive Council, signed by the President of the former Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito. During the 60 years of its existence, the Institute changed its founders, and in line with their rights and obligations it coordinated its activities and changed its name (Federal Institute of Physical Education, Yugoslav Institute of Physical Education, Yugoslav Institute of Physical Culture and Sports Medicine, The Institute of Sports, Republic Institute of Sport and finally Serbian Institute of Sport and Sports Medicine).

Experts of the Institute were active collaborators in the creation of the latest, unique, sports methodology for determining preparedness, written by best Yugoslav experts in this field.

Comprehensive documentation collected over more than 60 years, has enabled the creation of norms for assessment of morphological, functional and motor status of athletes in many sports. In addition to these national standards, a significant part of these norms has an international, global importance as it is created based on the data of our best athletes in basketball, water polo and volleyball, where these athletes have won a string of gold and silver medals at the Olympic Games, world and European championships.

Experts of the Institute were the first to introduce ergo-spirometry in the testing of athletes, the latest methods of its application for determining the energy potential of athletes (maximum "steady state" and " vita maxima"), X-ray determination of the volume of the heart in order to determine overtraining, miotonometry to measure muscle tension, a special system for kinematic tests (SELSPOT system), the principles of proper sports nutrition and scientifically-founded supplementation for faster recovery after major sporting efforts and anti-doping control of athletes (in 1975).

The psychologist - expert of the Institute for the first time became part of the team of experts of the Olympic Games in Montreal, and since then field monitoring of teams and individual athletes has been carried out in more than 10 sports. Documentation of psychological tests of athletes is the richest in Europe and perhaps in the world. More than 12.000 athletes in 26 sports have been tested so far in the laboratory for psychological testing at the Institute.

In order to improve physical education in schools, the Institute was the first to create a methodology of monitoring physical development and physical abilities of school children and youth between 7 and 19 years of age, in Belgrade.

The Institute implements this measurement system by engaging physical education teachers, trained at seminars organized by the Institute regularly for 30 years in all primary and secondary schools (about 200.000 pupils). The results of these measurements have a significant impact on improving physical education in schools through the created norms of physical development and physical abilities specific to each age group. This longitudinal study showed that the children and youth in Belgrade are developed much more than earlier, mature faster, but their physical abilities are declining.

The Institute was the initiator and one of the main organizers of the largest measurements of physical status and physical and functional abilities of the entire population of former Yugoslavia, aged 6 to 60 years.

In the period from 1962 to 1964 the Institute tested around 90.000 inhabitants, which gave basic insight into the physical status and physical fitness of the population.

One of the most important activities of the Institute in the past was informative-documentation and publishing, which began with the establishment of the Institute and has continued ever since. Documentation of statistical data on the overall state of physical education in Yugoslavia, primarily in Serbia (organization, development plans, financing, training professional personnel, physical education facilities), followed by the results of our athletes at major international sports events are being delivered to all the stakeholders who affect the organization and development of sport in Serbia.






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